If you have never heard of softball and want to learn more about it or you play softball this is the article for you. Softball is like baseball but very different. I’m going to break this down into multiple sections. Defense, offense, rules, and umpires.

Defense consists of a max of 9 girls on the field, sometimes 8 girls if you don’t have enough that day. There is the pitcher who throws balls, strikes, and all that fun, and the catcher who catches said balls and strikes. Then there are the first baseman, second baseman, third baseman, shortstop, left field, right field, and center field.

Offense consists of the entire team who is batting. The coaches will determine who bats first, second, third, and so on and so forth. Offense is trying to rack up as many runs they can. There is a mercy rule but we will get into that later.

Some basic rules are if you hit the ball and it goes on the outside of the foul line then it is a foul ball. If it touches the chalked line at all it is a fair ball. It also depends on where the ball is touched. If you touch the ball and the ball itself is in foul territory then it is foul. If you touch the ball and it’s in fair territory and bounces foul it is fair. Next, if you hit the ball and you make it to first base before the ball you are safe. If you get there after the ball you are out. If you get there at the same time as the ball the tie goes to the runner. The rule states you have to beat the ball to the bag. Another rule is three strikes and you’re out. Four balls, and you walk to first. The mercy rule depends on where you go but most of the time it’s 15 runs after 3rd inning, 12 after 4, and 8 after 5.

Now onto the umpires. Without the umpires there wouldn’t really be a game. The umpire determines the balls, strikes, safes, and outs. The also enforce all the rules. I have a deep respect for umpires because I am one. Some people don’t understand how hard it is to be an umpire. But that’s a topic for a different day. Depending on where you go the umpire can get paid at the least $40 a game and the highest I believe is $50 a game. The umpire holds all extra balls in their ball bag that is located on their hip. The use the indicator to keep track of balls, strikes, outs, and innings. I use the inning counter to keep track of runs.